Knights of the Pain Table

A Camelot for Sufferers of Chronic Pain

Medieval Life 102 – Judaism and Jewish Life in the Middle Ages – Part I

Judaism

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all Abrahamic faiths,   as they all trace their tradition back to Abraham.    Abraham’s life is described in the Hebrew Bible.  Abraham lived around 1900 B.C.E.   ( Before Christian Era  – this term is used instead of the traditional B.C. to avoid centering around a Christian historical reference)   and is regarded as the Father of the Jewish People.    The Jewish Scriptures note how God made a covenant  (berith)  with Abraham that his descendents would be God’s chosen people.    The people’s part in the covenant was to keep God’s laws.    The laws were given to the Jewish leader and prophet  Moses as he led the people out of captivity in Egypt and to Israel. 

The same God who created the world revealed himself to the Israelites at Mount Sinai.    God called Moses to the top of Mount Sinai and gave him the laws in “tablets of stones”  (tablets of the Covenant).      The content of that revelation is the Torah  (“revealed instruction”),   God’s will for humankind expressed in commandments (mizvoth)   by which individuals are to regulate their lives in interacting with one another and with God.

Moses gave the “The Ten Commandments” to the people of Israel in the third month after thei Exodus from Egypt.

TEN COMMANDMENTS

  * I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

    * Thou shalt have no other gods before Me.   Thou shalt not make unto thee a graven image, nor any manner of likeness,  of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; thou shalt not bow down unto them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God,   visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me;  and showing mercy unto the thousandth generation of them that love M e and keep My commandments.

    * Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh His name in vain.

    * Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.    Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work; but the seventh day is a sabbath unto the Lord thy God,    in it thou shalt not do any manner of work, thou, nor thy son,  nor thy daughter, nor thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle,  nor thy stranger that is within thy gates;  for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea,  and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day,  wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

    * Honor thy father and mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

   * Thou shalt not kill.

   * Thou shalt not commit adultery.

    * Thou shalt not steal.

   * Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.

  * Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s house; thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife,  nor his man-servent, nor his maid-servent, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is thy neighbor’s.

The Ten Commandments are revered by three of the world’s major religions.   The commandments are shared by Christians and also have influenced the Islamic faith.

Till morrow thy dear Knights and all thy visitors to Camelot.

Lady Sharon
Scribe of the Knights of the Pain Table

Medieval Life 101 – Christians and the Catholic Church – Part I

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